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1. In the Meditations, Descartes makes a clean sweep of his beliefs and begins again. Explain Descartes’ critical application of his method of doubt and the way he builds knowledge on a new foundation. Can Descartes’ rationalist account of knowledge of external objects withstand the criticisms of Locke’s empiricism? In the end, which epistemological account is more plausible, Descartes’ rationalism or Locke’s empiricist account? Explain. (70 marks)
2. In your own words, concisely state the problem of induction as formulated in our course readings by either David Hume or Bertrand Russell. Explain why it is especially problematic for empiricist accounts of knowledge. Should it be considered a serious problem? Explain why or why not. (30 marks)
The Problem Of Knowledge
Length: 4 pages (1100 Words)
The Problem of Knowledge
Rene Descartes as is widely considered as the pioneer of present day philosophy. History remembers him for having made important contributions by bringing to light the relationship between geometry and algebra. This knowledge helped in solving geometric problems through the use of algebraic equations. Adding to that Descartes is acknowledged for having ideology of matter. This concept allowed for the accounting physical means of mechanical explanation. These contributions have been of great benefits to modern society. Rene Descartes is however remembered for his contribution to philosophy, meditations on first philosophy. This laid a philosophical basis for science explanation. He set his points of view apart from those who came before him as well as doubted his senses.