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Questions: (The total possible mark for this assignment is 100 marks.)
1. The Mind/Body problem involves the following two positions: Substance Dualism and Materialism. In your own words, provide a concise formulation of the Descartes’ Substance Dualism. In your own words, provide a concise formulation of Materialism. In particular, explain the distinction between Reductive Materialism and Eliminative materialism. In light of the criticisms offered of both Substance Dualism and Materialism, which account is more plausible? Explain why.
2. The philosophical problem of personal identity involves two positions offered by John Locke and David Hume. Explain these competing accounts as they are provided by the authors included in our course readings. Which account offers the most plausible response to the problem? Explain why.
Substance Dualism And Materialism
Length: 3 pages (940 Words)
Substance Dualism and Materialism
Descartes’ Substance Dualism
There are two different types of substances, that is, physical or body substance and mental or mind substance (Rodriguez, 2008). Dualism is interesting for many reasons. For instance, it could be based on belief in life after death, religion, or belief that people are more valuable than objects. There are several types of dualism, but it is better to dwell on property dualism and substance dualism. In fact, both types of dualism are different, and none can be described regarding the other. Thus, although the physical and mental descriptions may change, they will never fall under the same description.
The most important question when it comes to dualism is how the body interacts with the mind. We all can describe how the body interacts with another, but not how the body communicates with the mind. The body can be described in physical terms whereas our brains can be viewed as a complicated machine. Our minds, have no location, size or mass. It is therefore to measure the mind in comparison to our brains.