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Psychology 3 Pages

Short Review Paper On Article "Addiction And The Brain"

Question

One purpose of the course is to provide each student with a solid understanding of brain structure and function, and how those elements are associated with behavior, thinking, and emotions. The course is also designed so that students are better equipped to critically think about popular discussions and applications of neuroscience. While the impact of the knowledge gained through neuroscience research on a variety of fields is profound, it is worthwhile to consider any new finding or claim with a significant level of skepticism. Otherwise, neuroscience will give way to neuromythology and we may lose the good findings with the bad.

The purpose of the short review paper is to analyze the hype, fear, and speculation that may arise from a story in the popular media (e.g., newspaper, magazine article, website) about a recent new finding in the field of neuroscience. There won’t be a right answer to your analysis, but your grade will be based on how clearly and thoughtfully you compare the claims of the popular story to the actual outcomes of the study.

In order to complete the assignment successfully, you will need to find a relatively short (1-3 page) article in the popular media on a new finding in the field of neuroscience. The limitations on choosing stories and articles are: 

  1. The story must have been published in the last calendar year starting with the beginning of the semester.
  2. The story can come from nearly any source except personal blogs or posts.
  3. It should be predominantly based on describing, for popular consumption, neuroscience research findings from a single research article
  4. The research article must be one in which an experiment was performed (i.e., the article will have a “Methods” and “Results” section
  5. The research must involve either some biological measure (e.g., brain scan, genetic analysis, animal study) of behavior or the effects of some biological manipulation (e.g., brain stimulation, comparison of groups of people with brain injury, blockade of neurotransmission) on behavior.

You’ll need to ensure that you can get access to the research article discussed in the story. All of them are not free. You may want to take some time to find a story about an article that is publically available.  You may also want to look over the research article before you begin writing – some of the research articles can be very complicated, terminologically (is that even a word?? If not, I call dibs) dense, and involve methods and results that would even make my eyes water and rack my brain in pain.

In other words, you need to start looking for stories and articles well before the deadline.

Once you have found a story and an article, congratulations. Now you have to write about them. Your paper should be 3 pages long, double-spaced with 1” margins. Ensure that you put your name near the top and identify the section of Biopsychology in which you are enrolled (list the weekly dates and time of the class – e.g., TR 9:25-10:40). Give your review a brief title.

First, give the reader some background on your subject. If your subject is about autism, then define what the disorder is based your textbook or an authoritative source (like the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual). If the subject is music and the brain, find information from your textbook or a different source to provide some general sense of what we know about music and the brain, or the auditory cortex or visual-spatial-motor systems in general. Take a paragraph or two to discuss such background.

Next, review and analyze the popular article. What are the main points of the story? What does it see as the main issue addressed by the new research, and why is this an issue? What kinds of hypes, fears, or speculation does it offer based on the research findings? What does it note, if at all, about how other people feel about the new work? Does the story challenge or question the research? Does it note that the research breaks new ground? If so, what was the old ground like? It may take you a couple of paragraphs to summarize this information.

After reading (and likely re-reading and re-re-reading) the actual research article, write about the following: According to the authors, what was the main purpose of the study? Describe the general methods and design. Identify and discuss the main findings. How might the findings advance the field or what are their practical/clinical implications? (The authors likely note this in their discussion.) You will likely need about three paragraphs to review the article, so you’ll need much more information than what is presented in the article’s abstract. Be careful and descriptive in your word usage.

You now need to analyze and compare the points and claims made in the popular story to those from the research article. How were the findings and implications recast by the popular story? What information or points were left out of the popular story? What was added? Did the story miss some obvious limitations or weaknesses in the actual research? Are there cultural assumptions or attitudes that get expressed in the story through which the results are “filtered”? Are images in the story (or even the article) used that serve to distort or embellish the importance of the work? This section is based entirely on your analysis and opinion – again there is no right answer. Take about couple of paragraphs to cover it, be thoughtful, and don’t ramble.

Ensure that you cite the source of any information or ideas that came from someone beside yourself, and cite the story and article at least the first time that you mention them. Use APA format for in-text citations. Do not quote directly from the story or the article unless it seems absolutely necessary (e.g., you can quote from someone quoted in the story) – I want to read your writing and not anyone else’s. Any citation in the text should be referenced fully at the end of the paper; again use APA style to format the references.

Think clearly and logically and then write the same way. Put ideas together in a way that I learn something new. And always, always proofreal.

Solution

Title: Short Review Paper On Article "Addiction And The Brain"
Length: 3 pages (1021 Words)
Style: APA

Preview

Addiction and the brain

Society has always viewed addiction as a personal moral failing due to lack of self-control. Addiction to drugs has been connected to crime, low work productivity and deteriorating health among other negative impacts (NIDA, 2016). Traditionally, addiction has been seen as a criminal justice issue and not a health issue, this has led to the approach of a character disorder and poor upbringing. The traditional addiction treatment system separates the addict from the healthcare system because it cannot be managed using drugs (Koob, Arends, & Le, 2014).However, advances in the neuro-imaging have shown that addiction can be classified as a disease characterized by profound disruptions in the brain. According to researcher A. Thomas McLellan, understanding addiction as a brain disease with similar transmutability as most chronic illnesses will be a step closer to managing it and improving the ways it is treated.

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