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Question #1: Most ethical theories include the distinction between reason and emotions in one way or another. Explain in detail how Mill, Aristotle, and Kant respectively incorporate (or eliminate) humans’ ability to both think and feel.
Question #2: How does each philosopher’s view of this distinction and its place their theory affect his understanding of the role of ethics in society at large?
Reasoning And Emotion In Ethical Theories
Length: 4 pages (1120 Words)
Reasoning and Emotion in Ethical Theories
The field of ethics concerns itself with the systemization, defending and recommendation of concepts of right and wrong conduct. Ethical studies thus evaluate the basis for our actions with a view to establishing the motivation for our actions. In this evaluation, emotion and reasoning appear as psychological issues in meta-ethics. Kant’s perspective is first up for examination, where he states in his categorical imperative that goodwill is not inherently good out of its appropriateness towards some means or what it accomplishes, rather, goodwill must be inherently good in itself. In this regard, the intentions motivating an action have no regard, rather, the outcomes garnered from the action. Reasoning, therefore, holds little significance for Kant as justification for an action. Emotion also plays a limited role in the determination of ethical conduct by Kant philosophy. Emotions affect decisions based on feelings.