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1.There are many mindbugs associated with the decision-making process. These include cognitive heuristics, such as availability and representativeness, and fallacies such as the conjunction fallacy. Discuss each of these three mindbugs in turn, describing how they operate and how they sometimes lead us astray. Are there any cognitive advantages associated with these decision-making strategies?
2.Compare and contrast the secure, avoidant, ambivalent, and disorganized attachment styles. Describe how each of these styles is manifested in the strange situation test.
3.List the Big Five dimensions of personality. Then, provide several sources of evidence that the Big Five personality dimensions are universal.
4.It is the night before your psychology exam and you are busy studying. The door opens and a group of your best buddies walks in, hoping to entice you to go out on the town with them for a few hours. What would Freud say is going on in your head as you debate whether to go with your friends or stay in and study? Include in your discussion the three systems of the mind and the way they interact in this mental debate.
5.Define cognitive dissonance. Describe an experiment that demonstrates this phenomenon.
Psychology Essay: Mindbugs In Decision Making
Length: 2 pages (550 Words)
Bad decisions cost companies millions of dollars because they are not easy to spot (Hardman 9). Cognitive heuristics, such as availability and representativeness, influence the decision making process. Availability, as a mindbug reduces the efforts that individuals need to disburse. Representativeness heuristic facilitates decision making on probable events under uncertainty. Representativeness may be misleading in decision making because something may appear more representative than is most likely, leading to overestimations in their ability to predict the likelihood of events (Hardman 9). Next, conjunction fallacy describes decision-making under uncertainty. Assuming that an individual esteems a subset of events over others in a given subclass may lead us to mental short cuts that are straying. Last, the availability heuristic makes judgments based on information available in an individual’s memory without seeking information that is less available. This may impair an individual’s capacity to make the right decisions since all factors are not considered.