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After reading the landmark decisions of Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896) and Miranda v. Arizona, 384 U.S. 436 (1966), discuss the following in a paper of 7-9 pages:
Examine the political climate when both cases were decided. ◦Look at what philosophical underpinnings may have influenced the thinking of the court of the respective eras of these cases. How did the courts in each era read the U.S. Constitution differently?
Plessy V. Ferguson (1896) And Miranda V. Arizona (1966) Decisions
Length: 7 pages (2072 Words)
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) and Miranda v. Arizona (1966) Decisions
The main duty of the judiciary is to interpret laws. This implies that a given law can be interpreted differently by different judges at different times in history. The interpretation is influenced by many factors, including the socio-political climate in the country at the time of the interpretation. The Plessy v. Ferguson of 1896 and Miranda v. Arizona case of 1966 are two outstanding cases that justify the mode of interpretation of the constitutional law and the interests taken by the majority ruling opinion, as well as the dissent opinion in making a judgment. The first case involves racial discrimination and segregation involving sullied treatment of the people of color. In the second case, the Judges of the Supreme Court defend an accused criminal suspect against his right to attorney. This paper discusses the Plessy v. Ferguson case and Miranda v. Arizona by focusing on the factors that influenced the decisions reached in both cases. The paper also relates the political climate at the time of the two cases and formulates a connection between the political climate and constitutional law.
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896)
The Plessy v. Ferguson case of 1896 is one of the most remarkable Supreme Court decisions in the US history. The case upheld the constitutionality of the state laws that required and regulated racial segregation in public areas (Davis, 2012). The ruling was made based on the “separate but equal” doctrine that existed in the United States at the time. The “separate but equal policy is one of the factors that influenced the ruling of the court in this case. The decision made by the Supreme Court judges in the Plessy v. Ferguson was influenced by the segregation laws that existed at the time. The applicant, Homer Pessy, was considered 1/8 African American and 7/8 white. The presiding judge of the Supreme Court, John H. Ferguson, believed that Plessy had deliberately broken the law to challenge the constitutionality of the segregation laws. This can also be considered as a factor that influenced the ruling to serve as a punishment to those opposed to the laws that were constitutionally endorsed.