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1. The Mind/Body problem involves the following two positions: Substance Dualism and Materialism. In your own words, provide a concise formulation of the Descartes’ Substance Dualism. In your own words, provide a concise formulation of Materialism. In particular, explain the distinction between Reductive Materialism and Eliminative materialism. In light of the criticisms offered of both Substance Dualism and Materialism, which account is more plausible? Explain why. (70 marks.)
2. The philosophical problem of personal identity involves two positions offered by John Locke and David Hume. Explain these competing accounts as they are provided by the authors included in our course readings. Which account offers the most plausible response to the problem? Explain why. (30 marks.)
Length: 3 pages (825 Words)
Materialism simply refers to the preoccupation people have with physical property as opposed to spiritual and intellectual concepts. Materialism can also refer to the theory that states that physical is all that exists. The theory of materialism, however, is more complicated than just the focus on material possessions. On one hand, materialism states that all the things in the universe are matter that lack any true intellectual or spiritual existence. Besides, the concept can also refer to a creed that progresseswith success. In this kind of setup, the highest ideals in life are associated with success. It is this second doctrine that appears prevalent in most western societies today(McLaughlin, Beckermann and Walter 23). It is for this reason that materialism has been divided into two categories which are reductive and eliminative realism.