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Psychology 2 Pages

Motivation

Question

In psychology, Motivation refers to the forces that push and pull us toward specific goals and behaviors. Motivation is generally either internal (biological, cognitive) or external (environmental, situational). In psychology, the study of Motivation often focuses on biological behaviors, such as eating and sexual expression, or achievement behaviors, such as academics or career goals. Understanding how motivation works is key to guiding others and encouraging the highest level of performance.

Instructions

Choose one of the following options to explore:

•Option A: Eating Behavior and Eating Disorders

•Option B: Sexual Motivation and Sexual Orientation

Option A: Most psychologists focus on psycho-social aspects when explaining the origin of disordered eating behavior; however, there are also biological issues which may influence disordered behavior. Explore the biological and psycho-social aspects of disordered eating behavior by completing the following items.

1.Based on your assigned readings and videos this module, identify some biological or genetic factors that may predispose someone to disordered eating behavior. Describe two or more conclusions from biological research of disordered eating behavior. (These may include genes, brain functioning, metabolic, hormonal, etc.)

2.Based on your assigned readings and videos this module, identify some psychological and social/cultural factors that may predispose someone to disordered eating behavior. Describe two or more conclusions from psychological or social research of disordered eating behavior. (These may include personal issues, family issues, society, media, or cultural issues.)

3.Based on your research, explain whether you view disordered eating as primarily biologically based or psycho-socially based.

Your response should be approximately three paragraphs in length (one paragraph for each item). Do not simply state your opinion on these issues; justify your response with evidence from scholarly sources, including your text. For help in citing sources, click on Academic Resources under Course Home.

Option B: Most psychologists believe that our sexual preferences and orientation are largely determined by our biology. Explore the biological and psycho-social aspects of sexual preference by completing the following items.

1.Based on your assigned readings and videos this module, identify some biological or genetic factors that influence sexual orientation behavior. Describe two or more conclusions from biological research of sexual orientation behavior. (These may include genes, brain functioning, metabolic, and hormonal, etc.)

2.Based on your assigned readings and videos this module, identify some psychological and social/cultural factors that may also influence sexual orientation. Describe two or more conclusions from psychological or social research ofsexual orientation. (These may include personal issues, family issues, society, media, or cultural issues.)

3.Based on your research, explain whether you view sexual orientation as primarily biologically based or psycho-socially based.

Your response should be approximately three paragraphs in length (one paragraph for each item). Do not simply state your opinion on these issues; justify your response with evidence from scholarly sources, including your text. For help in citing sources, click on Academic Resources under Course Home.

Submit your response as a Microsoft Word document to the M4: Assignment 2 Dropbox by Tuesday, March 8, 2016. Name your submission following this naming convention:  NastNameFirstInitial_W4_A2.doc.

Assignment 2 Grading Criteria  

Maximum Points

Assignment Components

Identify some biological or genetic aspects of disordered eating behavior or sexual orientation behavior. 20

Identify some psychological and/or social aspects of disordered eating behavior or sexual orientation behavior. 20

Explain whether disordered eating behavior or sexual orientation behavior is biologically based or psycho-socially based. 24

Academic Writing

Write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources (i.e., APA); and display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. 16

Solution

Title: Motivation
Length: 2 pages (550 Words)
Style: MLA

Preview

Eating Behaviours and Disorders

A number of factors ranging from biological, genetic to socio-cultural, cause eating disorders. Genetic vulnerability refers to specific genes that are transferred from the parents to the offspring. They include systems of food intake, development of appetite, metabolism, eating moods, and reward-pleasure responses. The inherited genes are many while some are acquired in the course of growth. 

Several studies are often conducted during the acute or recovery plashes, which makes it difficult to relate eating disorders to biological aspects. A parent with poor eating behaviours may develop a disorder that is passed on to children. Again, a child may end up developing a deformed eating system because of the gene mutations. This may as well be passed on from parents and children in future.

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