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Linguistics 2 Pages

Linguistics Questions And Answers.

Question

Answer the following question

  1. Look at the text provided and find three examples as to how these excerpts in Old English differ from Modern English (focus on vocabulary/morphology, word order/syntax, and/or word meaning/semantics).
  2. You are familiar with the grammatical category Determiner, whose members include the/a/this/that/these/those. Investigate the syntax, morphology, and semantics of one of these words in Old English. In the literature, these words may be identified as 'articles' or 'demonstratives'. Would this word better fit into a grammatical or a lexical category, according to Lobeck's criteria in Table 2.1? Justify your answer.
  3. Identify three different Old English nouns. How do they differ from their modern counterparts in terms of semantics, syntax, and morphology?
  4. Word order in Old English was very different from what we find in Modern English. Describe the development of word order from Old English to Modern English (hint: you may have to go into a middle stage, that of Middle English). Provide two examples to illustrate how this order differs from SVO order of Modern English. Write a phrase structure rule for S that captures the word order of Old English.
  5. Look up the origins of the pronoun system in Old English. How do they differ from the system used in Modern English? Discuss the difference in inflectional morphology between Old and Modern English.
  6. Provide examples of nouns and their gender in Old English, and describe how Old English nouns and determiners morphologically express gender inflection.
  7. Did Old English allow double negative constructions? Justify your answer.
Solution

Title: Linguistics Questions And Answers.
Length: 2 pages (844 Words)
Style: MLA

Preview

Question 1

Look at the text provided and find three examples as to how these excerpts in Old English differ from Modern English (focus on vocabulary/morphology, word order/syntax, and/or word meaning/semantics).

Answer:

Most word order in the excerpt occurs in VSO, VOS, or OSV. The subject never comes first. This contrasts the modern English that contains the SVO agreement. Secondly, most syntactic constructions begin with a conditional object that is unfamiliar to the modern English. Lastly, the vocabularies tend to overlap in usage, like the application of Gif and man. Examples include,

“If someone hits another on the nose with fist, three shillings.” (pg 23)

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