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Geography 3 Pages

Investigating Population Age Distributions

Question

Exercise #3: Investigating Population Age Distributions

A basic demographic tool for studying the age-sex structure of populations is the population pyramid. In Module 6 and your reading for the textbook, you learned what population pyramids are and how they are affected by growth rates that in turn are affected by social, economic and political events occurring in at a place. In this activity you will examine different pyramids for a variety of countries to see the present and future (projected) patterns of age/sex distributions for selected countries. You will examine how the age-sex distributions differ between countries and change over time as growth rates are altered. For this activity you will need to use your web-browser to navigate to the home page of the IBD Population Pyramids whose URL U.S census Bureau for the population pyramids displays and population data for each country. On the page select your country, year (you will need pyramids for 2015, and 2030), and the “Population Pyramids Graph” report.

You will also need to use your Internet Explorer web-browser to navigate to the CIA World Factbook website whose URL is CIA world Factbook to find any ancillary data necessary to answer certain questions.

After you examine the population pyramids for differ countries, reflect on how events in those countries are affecting the age/sex distribution of the respective countries and then answer some basic questions about each and paste your answers in the submittal box on HuskyCT.

Part 1: Comparison of Two Developing Countries – Turkey and Botswana 

Botswana is located in the semi-arid region of Southern Africa and Turkey is the remnant of the Ottoman Empire located at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. Turkey also is trying to join the European Union.

  1. How do the pyramids for these two countries compare in the present time and what differences are expected in the future?
  2. What internal changes in each country might explain the different forecasts between these two developing countries?
  3. What are the future population size implications for each country?
  4. Why do you think that the sex ratio is so imbalanced for Botswana?

Part 2: Comparison of Two Developed Countries – United States and Japan 

The United States and Japan have the two largest economies in the world and are among the wealthiest nations of the world. However, their demographic future is quite different.

  1. How do the pyramids for these two countries compare in the present time and what differences are expected in the future?
  2. What internal changes in each country might explain the different forecasts between these two developed countries?
  3. What are the future population size implications for each country?
  4. What might be the economic implications for both countries?

Part 3: Comparison of the Two Largest Countries – China and India 

China and India have the two largest populations in the world with more than 1 billion people each. Both currently have expanding economies and are undergoing rapid industrialization. However, they have a different demographic present and future.

  1. How do the pyramids for these two countries compare in the present time and what differences are expected in the future?
  2. What internal changes in each country might explain the different forecasts between these two African countries?
  3. What are the future population size implications for each country?
  4. What is causing the age cohort undulations experienced by China over time?
Solution

Title: Investigating Population Age Distributions
Length: 3 pages (1074 Words)
Style: N/A

Preview

Investigating Population Age Distributions

Part 1-Comparison between Botswana and Turkey

Answer 1

            Population between Turkey and Botswana differs largely regarding the population size as well as in the age groups distribution. For Botswana, the total population census is generally low whereby it is calculated in thousands. For Turkey, however, the population is slightly higher with the population categorization being calculated in millions. In terms of age group distribution, the majority of the male population in Botswana lies between the 5-9 years age bracket. For the females, however, the majority population in 2015 lies in the 25-29 age bracket. On the other hand, the majority population lies between the 30-34 age group for both the males and females in the year 2015 (Demographic Internet Staff US Census Bureau). The population is expected to rise considerably in Botswana due to the increased migration of Zimbabweans into the country. On the other hand, population in Turkey is expected to reduce by 2030 especially for the younger age groups and the elderly as well.

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