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1. Generally speaking, how do scientists apply bacterial transformations in a research setting to answer questions relating to gene/RNA/protein function?
2. Give an example of an experiment where researchers used a bacterial transformation to understand more about gene/RNA/protein function. Briefly explain the experiment and cite the article according to the format described in Ch. 5 of your lab book.
3. How are bacterial transformations applied to resolve real world issues? (Hint: Are there any bacterial transformants commercially available? What desirable traits do they have that would make people/industries want to buy them?)
4. Give an example of a transformant (can be any organism) that is commercially available and describe its characteristics. (Correctly cite the article)
5. Come up with a question/problem that you think could be answered/resolved with the application of a bacterial transformation.
Length: 2 pages (550 Words)
Bacterial transformation involves the alteration of the cell composition of a bacteria with DNA obtained from other organisms. This process can occur naturally or can be induced artificially in laboratory experiments. Bacterial transformation which normally involves the genetic components (DNA/RNA) of an organism is used to understand how protein synthesis differs or can be altered from one organism to the other. In a research setting, bacterial transformation has been used to promote protein production (protein expression) in host bacteria that do not normally produce as much proteins. With DNA and RNA being the building blocks of life with the sole responsibility of synthesizing and transportation of proteins, bacterial transformation allows researchers to understand the process of protein synthesis in various organisms. When a different DNA is introduced into the cells of a different organisms, this DNA directs or alters the normal protein synthesis in the host organism thus enhancing or inhibiting growth.