A 20 page Case study on Application of Cloud Computing to Educational Institutions
Application Of Cloud Computing To Educational Institutions: Case Study
Length: 19 pages (5184 Words)
Keywords: service level argument, cloud computing, software as a service, platform as a service, infrastructure as a service
Different terminologies such as cloud computing technology, the software as a service or the Internet as a platform, and on-demand computing, have been used to represent a common element or a shift in the computing environment (Hayes, 2008, p. 9). For instance, if a user creates a spreadsheet document in Google Docs, the primary components of the service resideson an unseen computer, whose whereabouts is unknown. Possibly, the Google Docs services arescattered across continents. At present, there is a shift from the locally installed hardwarecomponents and programs to cloud computing.
A high fraction of computing activity is moving from corporate server room and desktop to the clouds. This change is affecting the levels of the computational ecosystem as computation is shifting outward to information centers accessed through the Internet by the end user. The client computer with Internet can communicate with one or more servers and networks at the same time. Additionally, some of these servers can also exchange information and share resources among themselves.
Evidently, education is a prerequisite for achieving personal goals. Moreover, research shows that human welfare development is associated with information technology or ICT. At present, relevant education is more important since the networked globe demands a workforce that has knowledge of how to apply technology as a vice for increasing innovation, creativity, and productivity. The institutions require technology as their requirements for the needs of software, platform, and hardware increases. As seen above, cloud computing technology is a model that enables convenient and on-demand access to a set of shared computing resources such as software, servers, storage, networks, and other services. Moreover, these configurable resources can be assigned and availed rapidly with basic control and regulation mechanism or teraction with the cloud service provider.
Such a model promotes the critical availability requirement. The application of information and communication technology by the colleges, universities, and other educational institutions for imparting diverse training programs is increasing. There is a growing demand for networks, storage, servers, applications, and other computing services. Today, the institutions are investing on the platform, software, and infrastructure. Furthermore, the demand for these services keeps on shifting from time to time.For instance, the students’ expectations include viewing information in their PDAs, mobile phones, PCs, and tablets. Markedly, cloud computing is a solution that maps the needs of the educational institutions due to its characteristics such as on-demand service, availability, resource pooling, rapid elasticity, broad network access, and measured service. The cloud computing service models include cloud software as a service, platform as a service, and infrastructure as a service.
Cloud computing technology provides a platform, software, and infrastructure as a service to organizations. There are several benefits of cloud computing in educational institutions. Firstly, adopting cloud computing in learning institution will free a university or college IT department from purchasing, maintaining, updating, and supporting the software. The student and staff’s expectations will be satisfied with the increasing demand for the current technology in the campus. In effect, the adoption will make it simple for student and staff to share content and to collaborate without having to transfer information files or care about application compatibility. There are many functionalities found in cloud computing services that are sufficient for the needs of the educational sector stakeholders such as the students, teachers, administrators, regulators, parents, and the government. The institutions give the users access to the information, files, and applications via the Internet. Additionally, cloud computing services can be integrated with existing sign-on programs. In effect, hardware or network failure is less of a concern in cloud computing technology. Notably, organizations such as Amazon, Microsoft, and Google are providing free access and grants for learning institutions, researchers, and students to use their services with fewer requirements and capital.
However, cloud computing technology is still a vague concept for some learning institutions. However, the future is promising, and the concept will be one of the significant innovations to enter the global classrooms. The technology will continue to cut the IT costs and create a modern communication and collaborative environment. Modernizing the learning-teaching environment through the adoption of cloud computing technology in classrooms encourage both the students and staff to develop knowledge and skills required for achieving the professional and academic goals. The advent of this technology will continue to spark the interest of many learning institutions globally as the schools opt to adopt the concept as a reliable alternative mechanism of delivering quality information technology services to students and the educational community at a reduce cost. However, the failures experienced by the educational sector adopters of this technology and the barriers that come with the adoption efforts have left may schools skeptical in the process. Thus, this research discussed on the concept of cloud computing and the challenges peculiar to educational institutions. The paper highlights the preferred strategies that can be applied to overcome the barriers and to ensure a reliable and safer transition from the traditional IT ecosystem to the cloud ecosystem for users and stakeholders in the educational sector.
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