Types of sentences- The Shortest Grammar Guide
Sentences are essential because they allow us to express our ideas and emotions clearly. People use different types of sentences for varying purposes. There following are 4 types of sentences that are commonly used.
- Declarative sentences
- Interrogative sentences
- Imperative sentences
- Exclamatory sentences
In this short guide, we explain types of sentences with examples. We have also included other crucial information that you need to know about them.
A declarative sentence is also called a statement or a simple sentence. It is the most popular and basic type of sentence. Its primary purpose is to inform the reader about something. Therefore, it states an opinion or a fact. It comes with a subject and a verb/predicate and is punctuated using a period at the end.
- He came home late.
- The past does not matter.
- She wanted to go home, even though her mother begged her not to.
An interrogative sentence is used to ask a question. It must be punctuated using a question mark at the end. It allows you to gather information. It also clears confusion when you are not sure about something.
- Will you come tonight?
- When did you cook?
There are various types of interrogatives. These are:
These types of questions are answered by affirmatives or negatives. Usually, they begin with either a verb or a helping verb, and the subject follows.
- Are you leaving right now?
- Did you have fun at school?
- Was she at home that day?
These questions usually begin with words like who, which, whose, why, what and how. They are then followed by the verb and subject.
- Why are you crying?
- Who told you to go to bed before finishing your homework?
You can form this type of interrogative sentence by adding a tag question at the end of a statement sentence. Replace the period at the end of the simple sentence with a comma.
- There is no place for me here, is there?
- She passed the test, didn't she?
An imperative sentence is also referred to as a command or a directive. It gives orders, but can also be used to make requests. It can end with a period or an exclamation mark. Even when nouns of direct address are used in these types of sentences, they are still referred to as commands.
- Give me back my phone!
- John, stop humiliating yourself.
- Shut up!
An exclamatory sentence is used to express a person's strong emotion. It is also known as an exclamation. It is easy to recognize it because it always end with an exclamation mark.
- I don't like the way you treat her!
- He is cute!
Exclamations can be defined in two ways: function or form.
Exclamatory in form
Sentences that are exclamatory in form begin with how or what, even though they are not questions.
- How kind of you to help her!
- What big toes she has!
Exclamatory in function
These types of sentences are simply exclamations; because they show strong emotion and end with an exclamation mark.
- I love you!
- The road trip was fun!
Sentences can also be categorized depending on their structures. The following are types of sentences according to structure:
A simple sentence only has a main or independent clause; that has both the subject and the verb. It has full meaning.
- He came home today.
- I ate the food.
A compound sentence has two or more independent clauses; joined together using a conjunction.
- I gave him the money, but he didn't take it.
- I needed him, and he came.
A complex sentence comes with an independent clause, a subordinate conjunction (like since, because, unless) and a dependent clause. It can also have relative pronouns like that and who.
- He will not come because he is unwell.
- I saw the girl who was standing by the road.
These types of sentences come with at least two independent (main) clauses, and one or more dependent clauses.
- I went home, but he wasn't there because he died the day before.
- She called her although she was at work, but she didn't pick.
The types of sentences that you choose to use will depend on what you want to communicate. Some, like statements, give facts and opinions while others, like commands, order people to do something. Sentences can also be categorized depending on the dependent and independent clauses that they have.